Solid manure and compost usually present the following problems:

Inadequate decomposition and toxic material to be composted, result in offensive odours, due to the release of hydrogen sulphide and ammonia, poor water retention and the danger of plant nutrients being flushed out. This has an adverse effect on the quality of the compost, the hygiene in the stables, the health of the animals, efficacy of the manure and ultimately also on the plant growth and the quality of ground water and drinking water.

These problems can be blamed on decay due to the absence of aerobic conversion caused by oxygen deprivation. Penac K activates micro organisms and terrestrial annelids (e.g. earthworms) which are vital to the aerating process. The rotting process is set in motion, offensive odours are minimised, the atmosphere in the stables improves dramatically and the compost has a considerably higher water retention capacity. Plants develop a better absorption of nutrients; the soil is enriched with increased quantities of humus and the flushing-out of plant nutrients is minimised. It is common knowledge that composting is adversely affected by the use of antibiotics, medicated fodder and chemical agents.

In composting, a significant improvement of the quality and an acceleration of the oxidative conversion were observed. It can readily be demonstrated that due to the application of Penac K oxygen is more readily available, resulting in an improved quality especially due to the suppression of sulphide.

Instructions: Add 40g Penac K per m to the material to be composted, either dry or stirred into 5 to 10l water. If the material is very wet premix with stone meal, sawdust or similar substances, to obtain an even distribution. If applied in water, Penac K should be mixed several hours before to application.