Decomposed and Rotted manure compared

Decomposed Aerobic Manure

Rotted Anaerobic Manure

  • Oxygen
  • Little or no smell
  • Aerobic bacteria
  • No dangerous gases
  • No toxins
  • No diseases but penicillinum







  • Incorporation of assimilable nitrogen
  • in Bacterial Protein
  • Liquid Manure remains liquid and homogenous
  • No formation of root-inhabiting substances
  • No cauterization of plants during application
  • Promotes the growth of low-growing
  • grasses = good fodder
  • Healthy animals due to better stable
  • air and healthy fodder
  • Application feasible in dry and hot
  • weather
  • Small amounts of liquid manure per acre necessary
  • Nutritional elements in insoluble form = no danger to ground water good fertilizing effect
  • No Oxygen
  • Pungent, evil smells
  • Anaerobic decomposing bacteria
  • Production of dangerous gases as Hydrogen sulphide, Ammonia
  • Indol, Skatol, Markpton, Butter-acid
  • Diseases-Fowl pest, Anthrax, para-typhoi, erysiplas, diarrhoea, tbc, typhoid, tetanus, epidemic jaundice, swine fever, foot and mouth desease, cholera etc.
    • Large losses of nitrogen
    • Formation of surface crusts and sediments
    • Formation of powerful root inhibitors
    • Danger of cauterization during application
    • Promotes the growth of woody high
    • grasses = poor fodder
    • Occurrence of cattle diseases due to
    • dangerous bacteria and gases
    • Application mostly in rainy weather
    • To achieve a fertilizing effect large
    • amounts of liquid manure necessary
    • Deleterious substances in soluble form
    • = danger to ground water.


    PENAC promotes all these positive reactions and speeds up the decomposing process.

    For more Information: OFGS, 021 9753166, Fax 021 9756950