PENAC TRIAL 1999

 

WHEAT

 

 

DEMONSTRATION TRIAL:

 

CRK TRIAL FARM (ROODEBLOEM )

 

CRK Contribution:

Analysed Trial Results

 

OFGS Representatives:

Pieter Kershoff

Fanie Victor

 

 

 

Distributed by OFGS

Tel: (021) 975 3166

Fax: (021) 975 6950

E-mail: penac@worldonline.co.za

 

 

 

 

 

Trial area layout:

 

 

Where seed is indicated as treated or untreated it applies to the 4 blocks indicated in the east west row.

 

 

 

Dosage 20 g penac-p (3041) per 50kg seed

 

 

 

Wheat: SST57

Barley: SSG532

 

 

Seed Seed Seed Seed Seed Seed Seed Seed

U T U T T U T U

 

Wheat Wheat Barley Barley Barley Barley Wheat Wheat

 

 

U = Untreated T = Treated

 

 

Road

 

 

East

 

1 5 9 13 17 21 25 29

 

 

2 6 10 14 18 22 26 30

 

North South

3 7 11 15 19 23 27 31

 

 

4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32

 

West

 

 

 

Trial Information

 

 

Standard Planting date 11 May 1999

Fertiliser 3:2:0 (150kg per ha)

Herbicide Hussar

Fungicide Dimet

Planting density(wheat) 110kg per ha

Planting density(barley) 100kg per ha

Foliage spray K.A.N (100kg per ha)

 

 

Repetition 1 Block Numbers 1-16

Repetition 2 Block Numbers 17-32

 

 

Penac Treatment

 

Product penac-k (1541) (Soil activator)

Dosage 300g per ha

Penac-k Dilute in water

Date treated 1 May 1999

Stage 10 days before planting

 

 

Blocks Treated: 2 3 6 7 10 11 14 15 18 19 22 23 26 27 30 32

 

 

Product penac-p (3091) (Plant Strengthener)

Dosage 100ml per ha

Penac-p Dilute in water

Date Treated 2 June 1999

Stage 2 to 3 leaves

 

 

Blocks Treated: 1 2 5 6 9 10 13 14 19 20 23 24 27 28 31 32

 

 

Control (no penac) Block 4 and 29 (wheat) and Block 12 and 21 (barley)

 

 

 

Results

 

Repetition 1 as follows:

 

(Control is no. 4)

It can be seen that the control did well which shows that it was a good year, but it is also well comparable with the trial results where combinations were used with seed treatment and leaf applications.

 

 

In this case the control did not even feature (13,3) against the treated seeds with 13,8. It is, however, interesting to see that the combination of seed treatment and leaf applications fared very well.

 

 

 

 

 

Here it is clearly shown why a combination of penac is so important for commercial farming practises.

 

In all cases where the penac combination was used the yield increased.

 

The seed siftings were an average of 1,1

The moisture was an average of 12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Repetition 2 as following:

 

(Control is no. 29)

It can be seen that there is a good balance between the control and combination applications. hl mass was excellent in all cases.

 

Here the control did not even feature against the combinations.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The graph shows clearly that combinations of penac products can insure a better crop yield.

 

 

 

The seed siftings were an average of 1,1

The moisture was an average of 12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Summary (Average)

 

1.                 Control: no penac

hl mass: 76,5

Protein: 13,15

Yield: Taken as 4 ton = 100%

 

2.                 Seed treated with penac-p

hl mass: 75,5

Protein: 13,6

Yield: 113,3%

 

3.                 Soil treatment with penac-k, seed with penac-p

hl mass: 75,5

Protein: 13,4

Yield: 119,45%

 

4.                 Soil treated with penac-k, seed with penac-p and foliage spray with penac-p leaf

hl mass: 76

Protein: 13,6

Yield: 121%

 

5.                 penac-k

hl mass: 77

Protein: 13,35

Yield: 108,95%

 

6.                 Soil treatment with penac-k and foliage spray with penac-p leaf

hl mass: 76,5

Protein: 13,15

Yield: 125,2%

 

7.                 penac-p leaf application

hl mass: 76,5

Protein: 13,55

Yield: 123,1%

 

8.                 penac-p seed treated and penac-p leaf application

hl mass: 76,5

Protein: 13,5

Yield: 109,45%

 

 

 

 

Conclusion:

 

The trials of this year compared to the trials of the previous year proved that the farmer needs penac because:

 

We have successfully proven that by using penac the grade quality and quantity increased.

 

1.     By using penac-k on the soil, the soil quality and microbial life increase as well as the water retention capacity.

2.     By treating the seed with penac-p better germination takes place which strengthens the plant at an early stage.

3.     Due to improved root growth, the plant can assimilate nutrients and give a better yield.